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In this article, we’ll share 10 essential facts about Chapada Diamantina National Park for those who are looking for an unforgettable outdoor experience in Brazil.  If you’re planning a trip there, you may be wondering what to do in this stunning location, how to get there, and how long to spend. Get ready to explore Brazilian treks with confidence with more information about Chapada Diamantina!

10 facts about Chapada Diamantina National Park


1- Larger than some European countries

chapada diamantina national parkTo visit the entire Chapada Diamantina, it takes two lives and a helicopter :D. The park is larger than some European countries, with a 375.950-acre park located in Bahia, Brazil. You won’t be able to see everything, but whatever you see will be memorable! Check out some information about where Chapada Diamantina National Park is located and choose wisely where to go.

2- It was the largest producer of diamonds in the world 

Garimpo and mining were the main economies of Chapada Diamantina in the 18th and 19th centuries. At that time, Bahia was the largest producer of diamonds in the world. Exploration was banned in 1996, but there are studies that only 12% of the diamonds here have been discovered. Bring your luck with you!

3- And the award goes to…

chapada diamantina national parkVale do Pati is considered the best trekking destination in Brazil. It won the award for the best trek in the country from the Ministry of Tourism and it’s also mentioned as one of the top trekking circuits in the world! You can customize your Vale do Pati trekking itinerary to last 3 days, 4 days, 5 days, or even 7 days. If you’re interested, take a look at some itinerary options here.

4- A smoke phenomenon will surprise you

It has the second-largest waterfall in Brazil, the Cachoeira da Fumaça (Smoke Waterfall). It is called that because of its water that is lost in the air during the fall as if it were really a smoke, a unique phenomenon, creating a landscape that is both majestic and spectacular. And it is accessible in just one day starting in the district of Vale do Capão. Keep your camera on!

5 – It’s home to various species of plants and animals

chapada diamantina national parkChapada Diamantina National Park is part of the Caatinga biome, which includes small thorny trees, grasses, and flowering annual plants. And it’s home to some protected mammal species, like jaguars, giant armadillos, giant anteaters, capuchin monkeys, and Barbara Brown’s titi. The hummingbird known as the hooded visor bearer is endemic to this area.

6 – Activities for adrenaline fans

chapada diamantina national parkAs well as the roads above, mountain bike lovers will find excellent roads and trails, inside and outside of the Chapada Diamantina National Park, as well as good rocks for climbing. Turn on your adrenaline at will!

7 – Go offline

chapada diamantina national parkThe cell phone service in Chapada Diamantina National Park is spotty at best. So, this is the perfect opportunity to leave your phone on airplane mode for a bit, disconnect, and enjoy nature without distraction.

8- What is it like to be a bat?

It’s home to the largest number of caves in all of Brazil, with more than 130 caves. The city of Iraquara has the largest speleological collection in South America. Turn on your flashlights!

9 – Chapada Diamantina was once a sea

chapada diamantina national park1.8 billion years ago the Chapada Diamantina region was covered by the sea. The changes in the tectonic plates made “the sea turn into a sertão” and left the deep cracks and depressions that currently make up the geology of the region. Thus, the formation of sedimentary mountains began, through the action of winds, rivers, and seas, which gathered pieces of various stones and designed the local landscapes.

10 – Travel with information

Guides are a must if you want to add some history and cultural facts about the place you are visiting, besides the security, Chapada Diamantina National Park has plenty of trails to explore, but many of them are unmarked or have unclear routes. Go with a local guide and support communities 🙂

Want to live an adventure in Chapada Diamantina National Park? PlanetaEXO connects you with English-speaking professional guides who will provide you with unforgettable experiences in sustainable travel and supporting local communities. Discover the itineraries that our guides offer to Chapada Diamantina.

More information about Chapada Diamantina National Park